Paul Krugman, Deficit Hawk
Japan has the dubious distinction of being the first major nation since the 1930’s to experience a ”liquidity trap,” in which even cutting the interest rate all the way to zero doesn’t induce enough business investment to restore full employment. The result is an economy that has been depressed since the early 90’s, and that in 1998 seemed to be on the verge of a catastrophic deflationary spiral.
The government’s answer has been to prop up demand with deficit spending; over the past few years Japan has been frantically building bridges to nowhere and roads it doesn’t need. In the short run this policy works: in the first half of 1999, powered by a burst of public works spending, the Japanese economy grew fairly rapidly. But deficit spending on such a scale cannot go on much longer.
What is Paul Krugman’s 2000 policy recommendation for Japan? The BoJ should set an inflation target and then do QE.
Here is Paul Krugman in a 2012 interview with Martin Wolf:
“The question is, what did [Ben Bernanke] do as we started to look more and more like Japan? At that point the logic says you have to find a way to get some traction. Fiscal policy might be great. But if you’re not getting it you should be doing something on the Fed side and I think that logic becomes stronger and stronger as the years go by. And it’s sad to see that the Fed has largely washed its hands of responsibility for getting us out of the slump.”
To complete the picture here is Paul Krugman writing in 2010 about how new UK Chancellor George Osborne should give up on the deficit-funded capital spending splurge, and should instead set an inflation target and print lots of money:
Oh, no, sorry, I couldn’t find that quote.